Let’s talk about Diabetes
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There are several types of diabetes. Each type has different pathology and includes different treatment.
Types of Diabetes:
Type 1 is also called Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus or juvenile diabetes. Insulin is a hormone that is secreted by the pancreas. The pancreas of people who have Type 1 diabetes does not secrete insulin. The reason that it is called Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus is because the treatment of this type of diabetes requires injections of insulin. The reason that type 1 diabetes is called juvenile because most of the cases of this illness occurs in children and adults under age 40. This type of diabetes can occur at other ages as well.
Type 2 is also called Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus or adult onset diabetes. The reason that this type of diabetes is called adult onset is because it is usually occurs in people over age 40. However this type of diabetes is also common among younger overweight/obese individual, including teenagers. The pancreas of people who have Type 2 diabetes secretes or even over secretes insulin, however, cells do not recognize the insulin, and nutrients remain in the blood. The reason that it is called Non-Insulin-Dependent Diabetes Mellitus is because the treatment of this type of diabetes requires medication in the form of a pill. Unfortunately, people with the severe form of this diabetes are also treated with insulin injections.
Secondary Diabetes Mellitus results from surgical removal of the pancreas, or pancreatitis, or drugs such as hormones and steroids such as Prednisone. Usually this type of diabetes is treated as the Type 1 diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes Mellitus is also called glucose intolerance and is diagnosed during pregnancy. Usually, women who have gestational diabetes are at higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes either after the pregnancy or later on in life. Proper diet and physical activities can help preventing diabetes in those women.